It absolutely was throughout Almoravid and you can Almohad minutes one to Morocco obtained their label inside the international source

It absolutely was throughout Almoravid and you can Almohad minutes one to Morocco obtained their label inside the international source

The new Almohads and prolonged the fresh waterworks with a larger irrigation system, initiating open-heavens canals (seguias), bringing water down on High Atlas mountains from the Haouz simple. These types of the brand new streams allowed them to introduce the brilliant Menara Yard and you may Agdal Home gardens on west and you can southern of your own town correspondingly.

The brand new Marinid emir Abu Yusuf Yaqub applied his first siege away from Marrakesh inside the 1262, it hit a brick wall

The majority of new Almohad frameworks inside the Marrakesh got counterparts about metropolitan areas out-of Seville (that Almohads picked because their local financial support within the al-Andalus) and Rabat (that they increased from scrape). Musicians and artists which worked on these types of edifices was in fact taken away from both parties of the straits, and pursue equivalent models and ornamental themes, age.g. the latest Giralda off Seville in addition to (unfinished) Hassan Tower of Rabat are usually twinned that have Koutobuia. It had been as well as within the Almohads that Marrakesh temporarily increased because a mind heart, drawing students from afar, instance Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Zuhr, Ibn rushd, etcetera.

Marrakesh is actually identified for the western European countries within its Latinized function “Maroch” or “Marrochio”, therefore the Almohad caliphate try usually labeled in Latin supply since “Kingdom from Marrakesh” (Regnum Marrochiorum). As a result of brand new 19th 100 years, Marrakesh was referred to as “Morocco town” from inside the international offer.

New death of Yusuf II in the 1224 first started a time period of imbalance. age the brand new stronghold of Almohad cena asiandating tribal sheikhs as well as the ahl ad-dar (descendants off Ibn Tumart), who wanted so you can claw fuel back regarding the ruling Almohad household members (new descendants of Abd al-Mu’min, that has its stamina base in Seville). Marrakesh is actually drawn, missing and you can retaken because of the push several times because of the a blast of caliphs and you may pretenders. One of many celebrated events try new intense seizure off Marrakesh by the fresh new Sevillan caliph Abd al-Wahid II al-Ma’mun during the 1226, that has been followed right up of the a slaughter of Almohad tribal sheikhs and their group and a public denunciation away from Ibn Tumart’s doctrines because of the caliph on pulpit of your Kasbah mosque. After al-Ma’mun’s dying in 1232, their widow made an effort to build this lady boy, having the support of one’s Almohad military chiefs and you may Foreign language mercenaries to the vow handy Marrakesh over to him or her for the sack. Reading of one’s terminology, people out of Marrakesh rushed so you’re able to strike their particular handle the fresh new military captains and you will conserved the town away from depletion having a beneficial large cash payoff of five-hundred,000 dinars.

Local financing

The inner Almohad challenge led to losing al-Andalus so you can Christian Reconquista symptoms, and also the increase regarding a different dynasty, new Marinids during the northeast Morocco. A beneficial Zenata clan coming from Ifriqiya, new Marinids arrived in Taza on 1210s. The new Marinids ascended by supporting different Almohad pretenders against one another, if you’re slowly accumulating electricity and you will conquering the northern for themselves. Because of the 1260s, brand new Marinids got less brand new Almohads into the south areas around Marrakesh.

The guy thereupon hit a take on Abu Dabbus, the fresh relative of your own Almohad caliph, to conquer it to them. Abu Dabbus seized Marrakesh within the 1266, however, refused to hand it over to the latest Marinids, pushing Abu Yusuf Yaqub to come down and set siege so you can they himself. The new Marinids finally caught the city inside Sep 1269. Brand new Almohad remnant retreated into the Atlas stronghold from Tinmel and you can went on adding opposition until these people were eventually outdone into the 1276.

The latest Marinids decided against moving the legal in order to Marrakesh and rather built the capital during the Fez in the north. Toppled from its large perch, Marrakesh ceased to-be an imperial capital, and you may thereafter supported only given that a regional capital of the southern. They experienced cousin neglect, since Marinids expended their vitality on the decorating Fez or other north locations.

اضف رد

لن يتم نشر البريد الإلكتروني . الحقول المطلوبة مشار لها بـ *

*